The Celsus Library is one of the most astonishing structures in Ephesus. The structure was constructed in 117 AD, and was meant to be a monument for Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, the governor of the province of Asia from his son Galius Julius Aquila. The grave of Celsus laid beneath the ground floor, and a statue of Athena the Goddess of Wisdom stands above it.
Ephesus Terrace Houses
These beautiful depictions of ancient family life in the Roman period are located prominently on top of the hill opposite of the Hadrian Temple. These gorgeously crafted "houses of the rich" were created according to the Hippodamian Plan, in which the streets of the city intersect at right angles.
This stunning road, which starts at the great theatre leading to the Celsus Library, a portion of the sacred way, leads to the Temple of Artemis. It is known to have the first documented advertisements: drawings that point to the library, as well as a near by brothel.
The Great Theatre
This is the most magnificent structure in Ephesus ancient city. The Great Theatre is located on the slope of Panayir Hill, opposite the Harbor Street, and easily seen when entering from the south entrance to Ephesus. The unbelievably constructed theatre serves many purpose, including: concerts,plays, religious, political, and philosophical discussions, and gladiator and animal fights.